Fire accident indoors are commonly seen. Once the fire started, it creates catastrophic. Fire Alarm and Fire Extinguishing System are therefore crucial so that it reduces cost of damage. HARN will let you know about Fire Extinguishing System in Buildings to create awareness among building safety and security.
1. Thailand has a law in regards to Fire System which is Building Control Act BE 2522, Ministerial Regulation No. 33 in Section 2. The main importance is Fire Extinguishing System that in each floor, it must be equipped with Fire Alarm, ventilation system, smoke detector that all work coherently as an automatic system in case of fire accident.
2. Fire extinguishing equipment are available in Manual Operate such as fire extinguisher, host, other fire protection tools in the fire cabinet. In case of fire, residents or administrators can use to put off fire.
3. Automatic Operate Fire Extinguishing System such as Automatic Sprinkler System which will turn on automatically once the sprinklers reach the set temperatures where stated as details below:
4. Fire Alarm System such as Heat Detector that works like human sensation. Once it feels the heat from flames, it works automatically and precisely which are installed in many areas.
5. Smoke Detector is like a human nose. Once it smells the smoke, it alerts instantly. The principal is to detect smoke from sources of fuel which is an incomplete combustion and corporate with humidity, toxic, dirt that are harmful to eyes and respiratory system once inhale at large.
6. Flame Detector is like our eyes. The principal is to detect infrared radiation and ultraviolet radiation that initiate from the flame. The system works precisely and effectively once the blast of electronic devices started or rapid flames with no smoke.
7. Alarm device is like our voice that shouting to residents to be aware of the accident and to help evacuate the area which is classified into 3 types which are vocal, light, and both vocal and light.
8. Once the sensors work and sent alarms to fire control system to activate fire alarm with vocal or light for evacuation; when the heat reached the set points, Automatic Sprinkler System will start automatically.
9. Fire Suppression System for Data Center or Server Room which is crucial. Because the fire system must be able to act immediate once the fire started because equipment in Date Center or Server Room can be destroyed heavily such as Fibers, Communication Cable, Switch, Server, for example. Hence, the Fire Suppression System are various namely Nitrogen N2, NOVEC, FM200, CO2 and VESDA for example. It needs technicians to choose the right fire extinguishing system for the space and area of installment.
10. Fire Extinguishing System and Prevention in Buildings is another important aspect that can provide security confident to residents. To know that they will be well taken care of inside the building. Apart of having fire extinguishing equipment, residents must also know how to use these tools including evacuation area and process in case of fire accident.
It is hope that this article provokes you to look around your buildings and residents on how safety the buildings are.
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